IT’S ALWAYS ELLA
Great singers approach their work differently. Ella Fitzgerald was shy and almost withdrawn and needed lots of room to display her talents. Her vocal quality, intonation and range demanded that musical arrangements allow her to be free. She worked for that freedom during the early Decca years mostly known for her scat singing and ability to improvise on jazz themes.
It was under the direction of Norman Granz, founder of Verve Records that Ella Fitzgerald truly came to be The First Lady of Song. It was Granz who had the vision to record Ella singing the songs of the Great American Songbook composers. The first album was the milestone Cole Porter Songbook released in 1956. The remainder of the Songbook series included the compositions of George Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Jerome Kern, Harold Arlen, Johnny Mercer, Rodgers and Hart, and Duke Ellington.
When it comes to my personal favorites, I’m drawn to Ella’s work with Count Basie and Quincy Jones. “Q” was only 25 years old in their first collaboration. Yet Jones possessed the wisdom to wrap Ella into a free environment which allowed her to enjoy Basie’s support and reach amazing heights. Quincy described the experience of working with Basie and Ella so well in his autobiography, “Q” published by Doubleday and Harlem Moon.
“Ella Fitzgerald was a shy, withdrawn person, so she liked arrangements which allowed her to cut loose and be free. When I arranged BEGINNING TO SEE THE LIGHT for Ella with Basie’s band, I put a tag repeat on the end of the song that allowed Ella to do her “thang.” Before we started the song I said to Basie, let’s take Fitz to church when we hit the vamp at the end… which got a laugh out of Basie because he knew how timid Ella was. Sure enough, when we hit the vamp, Ella was testifying…she was groovin’ and shakin’ booty so hard that she didn’t want to give it up.”
In my view, the Ella personality I got to know after a few visits was that of a shy little child. But, when she sang she had a sound so pure and delicate, she became a young woman having her first heartbreak.
MEMORIES OF SWING STREET’S HICKORY HOUSE
My stories behind the music of New York City’s Swing Street during the 1940s, (West 52nd between Fifth and Seventh) would be incomplete without revealing that my Mom worked at the Hickory House, 144 W. 52nd Street. Every night when she’d arrive home , the stories were never ending about what happened at work that day. The famous club was a beacon for jazz, the show biz crowd, great steaks, exceptional cheese cake and Mr. Popkin, my Mom’s boss. She’d get home just about the time that Martin Block would be signing off his show on Radio Station WNEW.
“Guess who came in for lunch today,” she’d begin. It could have been anybody from the world of show business and music…people like Joe Louis, Bob Hope, Benny Goodman, Artie Shaw, Duke Ellington, Harry James, or Frank Sinatra. Marion McPartland was a fixture and played often.
The Marion McPartland Trio…that’s Joe Morello on drums.
Comedy was always popular in those years and the number one movie box office attraction was the comedy team of Bud Abbott and Lou Costello. Abbott was the fast talking straight man and Costello was a round little guy with great, comedic mannerisms. He was such an unforgettable character and made me laugh so hard, he brought tears to my eyes.
One day on a school holiday, Mom invited me to meet her for lunch at the Hickory House. Her boss, Mr. Popkin was a kind man who seated me at a table close to Bud Abbott and Lou Costello who were lunching there that day. He brought me over to meet the boys and they invited me to sit down and enjoy a serving of cheese cake. The gracious attention and conversation with both Abbott and Costello endeared me even more to these great comedians and movie stars.
Bud Abbott and Lou Costello
HEY DRIVER, LET ME OFF UPTOWN. NO…NEVER MIND. BETTER MAKE IT SWING STREET.
LET ME OFF UPTOWN.
In the annals of New York City’s jazz history, it isn’t hard to find the fabulous era of the nineteen twenties and thirties when the Harlem night spots attracted the after-theater crowd. No sooner did the Broadway finales conclude and the curtains come down, when the audience fun seekers grabbed taxi cabs, sped through Central Park to 142nd and Lenox and uptown Harlem where the real fun awaited them. The after hours, mob backed clubs like Minton’s and the Cotton Club offered risque shows, hot dancing, booze and the music of Duke Ellington, Cab Callaway and others.
But, nothing lasts forever and the rush to the Harlem after hours clubs began to shift when the mob boys successfully persuaded the late night crowd to spend their money downtown and save the aggravation of long cab rides The new focus became West 52nd Street and they all called it “Swing Street.”
NO, DRIVER…BETTER MAKE THAT WEST 52nd… SWING STREET
A dozen different clubs took shape from the basements of old, brownstones and became the places to hear the music of Lester Young, Coleman Hawkins, Thelonius Monk, Max Roach, Diz, The Bird, Billie Holiday and all the rest. The clubs included The Famous Door, The Onyx, The Hickory House, The Yacht Club, Leon & Eddies, Tony’s, Jimmy Ryan’s and the still famous 21 Club. From 1935 through to the end of World War Two the jazz center of New York City was Swing Street, West 52nd Street between Fifth and Seventh Avenues.
Author Allyn Shipton, in his NEW HISTORY OF JAZZ tells the Swing Street Story. In almost all memoirs and interviews dealing with musicians who worked on the street, there is a sense of wonder that such an array of talent should have appeared with such intensity in so small an area.
Vibes player Milt Jackson who first arrived well into the 1940′s was typical.
“All the musicians I’d always heard about and dreamed about…suddenly here they were, right here in the flesh and I went completely nuts.”
We’re celebrating one hundred years of Frank Sinatra. Why?
Because he was the best interpreter of America’s most popular songs, those created by the 20th century songwriters who wrote for Broadway and Hollywood. Some are called Standards which means they are songs that have far outlived the show or movie for which they were originally created. Usually, when Sinatra sang them, he seemed to take ownership of them. Once he recorded them, few singers, if any, could surpass his interpretation.
Frank was a musician, although he never played an instrument. He had an ear for the sound the music made and the meaning of the words….and he could be relentless in seeking not only his best possible performance but the best of the musicians who accompanied him.
Frank often took liberties with his interpretations, especially when he swung the lyric. Cole Porter once complained that unless Sinatra sang Porter’s songs the way they were written, he shouldn’t sing them at all. That’s why it’s so ironic that Cole later admitted that no one sang his songs better than Sinatra.
Born in 1915, Frank was the only child of Italian immigrants, Natalia Garaventes and Anthony Martin Sinatra. Both had icy-blue eyes and so did Frank. Everyone called her Dolly. She was the strong one, a natural politician; the kind who could get things done…tough, wired and domineering.
The early music that most influenced Sinatra came from the Manhattan radio stations across the Hudson River. Radio was the beginning for Frank and even now it never forgets him. This weekend, Mark Sudock and Sid Mark heard on the Metromedia Internet Radio Channel will dedicate their entire shows to Sinatra
Frank died on May 14, 1998 but as Dean Martin once said, “It’s Frank’s world…we’re just lucky to be living in it.”
And finally, here’s something we added from author, Pete Hamill.
“His (Sinatra) turbulent personality, often shadowed by notoriety, seemed inseparable from the style and originality of his art and gave him an essential place on the public stage of the American century.”
WHY SINATRA MATTERS
BILLY STRAYHORN’S LUSH LIFE, THE GREATEST OF THE SAD SONGS
The music they call the Blues is the gratefully accepted gift that keeps on giving. While the Blues often make you smile, today, I’m thinking of the sad songs. Particularly one that author Will Friedwald writes about in his book, Stardust Melodies…Billy Strayhorn’s LUSH LIFE.
I first heard Nat Cole sing it accompanied by Pete Ruggolo and strings and eventually Johnny Hartman backed by John Coltrane. There were others too. Mostly Jazz singers backed by small groups. But were I to reach for a version to use on Big Bands Ballads and Blues, it would either by Nat or the Hartman/Coltrane duo.
At WNEW, the boys hated my rule to stay off the phone while they were on the air. “… Pay attention to the listeners, not your telephone buddies.” Since every rule is meant to be loosened I eased up the day William B. Williams was on the phone with Ava Gardner who called wanting to hear LUSH LIFE.
Duke Ellington played Pittsburgh’s Stanley Theater in December of 1938 and it was there that he met Billy Strayhorn. Duke particularly loved Billy’s lyrics and immediately committed to bringing the young man to New York. When Strayhorn showed up he became a member of Ellingtons entourage and quickly picked up the elements and instrumentation of the Ellington sound. To say that Ellington and Strayhorn became inseparable is an under statement.
Ellington band member Lawrence Brown quoted in A.H Lawrence’s biography of Duke, DUKE ELLINGTON AND HIS WORLD put it differently. Brown said, Billy was a very meticulous little fellow, and he was right in ‘most everything he did. Many, many times Ellington would call him up from out on the road , “Sweepea, I want an arrangement on so and so.”
“Well, when do you need it?”
“In a couple of days.”
And Sweepea, “All right.”
And in a couple of days came the most gorgeous arrangement on that particular piece. And that was Strayhorn and he never got the credit. Strayhorn was the genius, the power behind the throne. So said Brown.
When Billy presented LUSH LIFE to Duke Ellington, it sounded so profound that Duke didn’t play it. Maybe it’s because the essence of LUSH LIFE’S appeal came from Billy’s lyrics. Given the often asked question what comes first, the words or the music, one would have to guess that in the case of LUSH LIFE, in spite of the haunting melody, the words came first. \
I used to visit all the very gay places
Those come what may places
Where one relaxes on the axis of the wheel of life
To get the feel of life
From jazz and cocktails.
Will Friedwald said in concluding his chapter on LUSH LIFE and Strayhorn, “Long after the glasses are empty and the ashtrays are full, LUSH LIFE resounds as a quintessential American classic.
MY FAVORITE TRUMPET PLAYERS….CARL SAUNDERS, WAYNE BERGURON AND BOBBY SHEW
I spend a lot of time listening to music…mostly from my own collection which is the main source for Big Bands Ballads and Blues heard each week on Internet Radio. (Live 365′s Metromedia Channel) And, because the bands continue to be of great importance to our daily mix, I pay attention to the section players, particularly the trumpets. Let me pay tribute to a few of the outstanding trumpeters I am always happy to see in the credits. You’ll find my favorite players being used over and over again by conductors for the major labels and also the TV shows. Look for these names and you’ll realize why the brass sounds so good. Carl Saunders, Wayne Berguron and Bobby Shew. Those artists are hardly a new generation of young kids. Rather, they have earned their stripes in some of the well known aggregations.
Carl Saunders was 18 years old when he first joined Stan Kenton. The Man handed him a mellophonium because he had no room in the trumpet section just then. Some of Carl’s best work in my collection is with Bob Florence. I recommend the cut, NOW PLAYING from the Florence Grammy winning album, SERENDIPITY 18. Carl appears on some of the most celebrated performances in my library.
Wayne Berguron is often heard on Gordon Goodwin’s Big Phat Band sessions but Wayne has had some wonderful releases on his own, particularly YOU CALL THIS A LIVING. Maynard Ferguson called him “One of my all time favorite lead players.”
Bobby Shew first came to my attention on a Frank Mantooth album called SOPHISTICATED LADY that also featured Marvin Stamm. Bobby had a hit album of his own called OUTSTANDING IN HIS FIELD and another called HEAVY COMPANY. Shew has played with just about everybody including Vegas acts. He now gives back by teaching while continuing to perform.
Just when you thought the big bands were gone forever some of the finest studio work keeps them alive.
HAVE YOU MET MISS JONES? (Sure you have…but there’s more to the story!)
I was introduced to Miss Jones by George Shearing years ago. She had a long list of admirers who included authors George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, songwriters Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, actor George M. Cohan and any number of Broadway types.
Miss Jones was a key character in the musical I’d Rather Be Right, which opened on Broadway in 1937. Kaufman and Moss Hart wrote the book…Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart did the songs. The times were much like these…political disruption, bipartisonship and left vs. right in Washington. FDR was pushing a progressive agenda that included Social Security and the country was divided. What a great backdrop for a Broadway musical! The producers convinced George M. Cohan to play FDR and put a song and dance spin on the politics.
Miss Jones and her fiance were the central characters in Broadway’s I’d Rather Be Right… forced to delay their marriage until the boyfriend was able to get a raise from his boss. Maybe FDR could help.
Kaufman and Moss set the plot with a storybook idea allowing Miss Jones to have a chance meeting with FDR (Cohan) who just happened to be strolling in Central Park one day. (It was probably on the West Side, don’t you think?) When Miss Jones stopped to ask FDR if he could help her intended get a raise so they could marry, the farce began. George M. Cohan (FDR) did it his way and the songs and dances told the story.
Consider these ensemble numbers.
A Homogeneous Cabinet…Take and Take and Take…A Little Bit of Constitutional Fun…Sweet Sixty-Five…We’re Going To Balance The Budget…Have You Met Miss Jones.
GEORGE SHEARING’S VERSION HAS BECOME A JAZZ STANDARD
BOB FLORENCE, SUE RANEY AND ME… A VIRGINIA EVENING TO BE REMEMBERED
Years ago, I serendipitously* met Bob Florence and Sue Raney over drinks in a little joint in Old Town, Alexandria, Virginia. I don’t remember the club’s name, only that it was a block away from my home deadended on South St. Asaph Street around the corner from the main road to Mount Vernon. While on an errand that afternoon, I saw the small welcoming sign in the curtained window of a small establishment saying that Bob Florence would be supplying piano accompaniment to Sue Raney beginning at eight that cool weekend evening. I’d be back.
I came alone around ten and in a sentimental mood…just the way I liked it…ordered a “Jack ” on the rocks and settled in at the lonely table off to the side of a make shift stage of risers. There were only two couples in the dimly lit club…it was almost as if Florence and Raney had snuck into town and would be gone without being noticed. They cast a quiet spell. She with that wonderful voice and he with a very moody piano.
It got to be late when I walked over to them, introduced my self and offered to buy them both a drink. We three had no where special to go so we just sipped a few, told our stories and laughed a bit. The bar was officially closed but someone saw to it that we wouldn’t go thirsty. Although I knew Florence as a wonderfully talented big band arranger and conductor, he was in a different mood that night. .. a sensitive mellow, classically trained, solo piano, jazz mood. As we talked, the conversation was mostly about music and radio until Bob invited Sue and I over to the piano. He began meandering down the keys on a familiar, traditional road. Along the way, Jerome Kern’s All The Things You Are…Strayhorn’s Chelsea Bridge…some Harold Arlen and familiar musings by Johnny Mandel, Victor Young, David Raksin and others.
Bob Florence and Sue Raney and me…and in my Old Town Virginia neighborhood too!
Bob’s gone now.
Sue’s still here and continues her way down that traditional road, thank goodness.
*Serendipity 18 was the Bob Florence MAMA Grammy Award Winning Album
BIG BANDS BALLADS AND BLUES….REALLY? NOT WITHOUT RICK BUCKLEY
It was after seeing Diana Krall perform live in concert and hearing Rod Stewart’s first album celebrating the Great American Standards on the radio that my wheels began to spin. Krall was deftly mixing Jazz and the Standards and recording executive Clive Davis had coaxed Rod Stewart into a retro mood by singing the songs usually performed by Frank Sinatra, Tony Bennett, Ella Fitzgerald and Sarah Vaughan.
I dug out jazz interpretations of the Standards by Oscar Peterson, Stan Getz, Wynton Marsalis, Chris Botti, Basie, Ellington and others and mixed them with the vocals, it became clear that the mix of Jazz and the Standards complimented each other. Now, if I could link the music with some old fashioned WNEW personality commentary I might have something marketable to a 50 plus audience.
I tried the test out on air with the blessing of the management of Syracuse University’s owned and operated WAER-FM. After a few week’s the music and commentary improved and I knew what I called BIG BANDS BALLADS AND BLUES had legs. The soaring emotions of the songs written for Broadway and the Movies in the 20th Century would live on. Their lyrics and melody combinations are so well fashioned for communicating personal feelings. And by mixing Jazz with the Standard vocals, I was able to extend the life of this wonderful music.
My old friend,the late Rick Buckley, owner of the Buckley Broadcasting station group, phoned a few days later and invited me to breakfast. Rick and Joe Billota were coming to town to visit their oldies station, WSEN. I brought along a cassette with a sample show and Rick flipped when he heard it.
“Let’s syndicate Dick’s show on the WOR Radio Network,” he exclaimed.
That was the birth of BIG BANDS BALLADS AND BLUES on WOR and a five year run of the show. Now, after a short hiatus, it’s back on Joe Fay’s METROMEDIA RADIO channel on Internet Radio’s Live 365.
Hear BBB&B every day Monday through Friday, 5-8 PM.